Sports History: Archery Introduction, History And Archery in India

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Introduction
Archery is the sport, practice or skill of using a bow to propel arrows. The word comes from the Latin arcus. Historically, archery has been used for hunting and combat. In modern times, it is mainly a competitive sport and recreational activity.

History
Archery is one of the oldest arts still practiced today. The evolution of archery began at the start of mankind’s history, and evidence of ancient archers has been found around the world. Archery first appeared in the Olympic Games in 1900 and was contested again in 1904, 1908, and 1920. Women competed in the 1904 Olympics, making archery one of the first sports to include events for both genders. The sport then had a 52-year hiatus from the Olympics. It was reintroduced to the programme in 1972, with individual events for men and women. World Archery is the international governing body of archery sport.

Archery in India
History of Archery in India dates back to the Vedic era, as the Indian people of that period used Archery as a means of hunting. In India the first National Archery Championship was held in Lucknow in 1973. Modern FITA/Olympic Archery came to India in 1970 before the game had been chosen as part of the Olympic discipline in Munich, West Germany in 1972.India’s first appearance in Olympic Games was in 1988. Limba Ram, three-time Olympian a world record in 1992. Miss Dola Banerjee became the first Indian Archer to win an individual Gold Medal and she became the first Indian women Archer to qualify for the Olympics in 2004. Muskan Kirar won the Gold in the women’s compound final event at the Archery Asia Cup, International Stage competition in Bangkok on 7th March 2018. Deepika Kumari won an individual gold at the Common Wealth Games 2010 and is ranked at World No.5 while Atanu Das stands at world ranking of 17. VJ Surekha got Arjuna award in 2017 for her exemplary performance in Archery. The game of archery in India is mainly governed and supervised by Archery Association of India (AAI).

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